Red-crowned Crane

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Range
They are found in Southeast Asia including Japan and China as well as in the Amur River basin near the China-Russia border. They often winter in coastal areas of China, Japan and on the Korean peninsula and summer in the wetlands of East Asia. A non-migratory population resides year-round in Hokkaido, Japan.

Habitat
Primarily reside in wetlands and deep water marshes (unusual for cranes) but have been known to inhabit agricultural land.

Distinguishing Characteristics
Red-crowned Cranes have white bodies with black at the tips on the anterior of the wings and on the neck. They are named for the red circular patch on their heads which is actually exposed skin.

Dietary Classification
Diet in the Zoo: veggies, eggs, mealworms, and commercial crane diet

Diet in the Wild: In the wild, red-crowned cranes feed on a variety of foods including: fish, amphibians, rodents, aquatic invertebrates, insects, grasses, reeds, corn, and other plants. In the winter they have also been known to feed on grain and waste from agricultural fields.

Life Span
Have been known to live up to 30 years in the wild and over 60 years in captivity

Behavior/Adaptations
They have very sharp spear-like beaks that aid in food retrieval.
Cranes exhibit a dancing display, characterized by head bobbing, bowing, leaps, and other gestures, for both courtship and general communication.
Cranes are monogamous birds and generally pair for life.

Status
Endangered