Range: Andes Mountains of Peru, Bolivia, and Chile at elevations of 9,840-15,750 feet. The largest populations are in Peru.
Habitat: Humid regions of the Andean high plateaus or Altiplano where tender grass can grow.
Description: Alpacas are about 3 feet tall at the shoulder and weigh around 154.3 pounds. Long thick wool covers all of their bodies except for the face. Wild individuals are a uniform color of dark chocolate or almost black, but domesticated animals may be white or spotted.
Diet in Zoo: Hay
Diet in Wild: Tender grasses and woody shrubs
Reproduction: Breeding takes place throughout the year, but only once per year. Gestation period is 342 - 345 days and usually results in one offspring.
Longevity: 15 - 24 years
Behavior/Adaptations: Will spit in an aggressor's face when threatened. Now live mainly in domesticated herds. Use various body poses to communicate to other alpacas.
Relatives: Llamas, Guanacos, Vicunas, and Camels
Predators: Pumas (cougars), Andean condors, Andean mountain cats, wolves, coyotes and feral dogs.
Status: Because alpacas have become domesticated, they have no special conservation status.