Short-tailed Leaf Nose Bat

Range
Central and South America: Southern Mexico to Bolivia, Paraguay, and southeast Brazil: to 2400 meters (7873 feet) in elevation.

Habitat
Moist evergreen and dry deciduous forests, usually below 1000 meters (3281 feet) but up to 1500 meters (4921 feet.)

Distinguishing Characteristics
Bats are the only mammals that can fly and that have true wings. The wings are modified forelimbs with a flight surface covered with a skin membrane supported by four fingers.
The most distinguishing characteristic is its leaf shaped nose. This is a spear-shaped protuberance that can range in size from large (as long as its head) to non-existent.

Dietary Classification
Diet in the Zoo: a variety of fruits and vegetables

Diet in the Wild: 50 different species of fruit and also, pollen and insects

Life Span
Approximately 9 years in the wild and 19 years in captivity

Behavior/Adaptations
Will enter a state of torpor (lethargy) when food is lacking.
Will roost in groups of 10 to 100 in caves, hollow trees, tunnels, road culverts, and less commonly, under leaves and in buildings.
They have two roost types: Harem - consisting of an adult male and many females and; Bachelor - consisting of an adult male with sub-adult males without a harem.

Status
Not threatened. They are common and widespread.