The entire distribution is on Hispaniola (northern Haiti and Northern Dominican Republic) where it occurs up to moderate elevations. Most of the population appears to be in Haiti.
A burrowing species that occurs in mesic lowland broadleaf forests.
Mottled brown with shiny, skink-like skin
Diet in Wild:
Mainly invertebrates such as worms and burrowing insects
Diet in Zoo:
Nightcrawlers and crickets
The captive longevity record is 11 years, but this observation was made when husbandry requirements were poorly understood. Nashville Zoo's Ectotherm Curator Dale McGinnity believes these animals are long lived (25-30 years, maybe longer) but we may not know this for sure for some time.
Not much is known about the habits of the Galliwasp due to their spending most of their time underground.
Critically Endangered and decreasing due to loss of habitat and killing by local people who mistakenly think they are venomous. They are also killed by dogs, cats and mongooses.